The local Database


Every mongod instance has its own local database, which stores data used in the replication process, and other instance-specific data. The local database is invisible to replication: collections in the local database are not replicated.

In replication, the local database store stores internal replication data for each member of a replica set. The local stores the following collections:

When running with authentication (i.e. authorization), authenticating to the local database is not equivalent to authenticating to the admin database. In previous versions, authenticating to the local database provided access to all databases.



You cannot perform read/write operations to the collections in the local database inside a multi-document transaction.

Collection on all mongod Instances


On startup, each mongod instance inserts a document into startup_log with diagnostic information about the mongod instance itself and host information. startup_log is a capped collection. This information is primarily useful for diagnostic purposes.

For example, the following is a prototype of a document from the startup_log collection:

  "_id" : "<string>",
  "hostname" : "<string>",
  "startTime" : ISODate("<date>"),
  "startTimeLocal" : "<string>",
  "cmdLine" : {
        "dbpath" : "<path>",
        "<option>" : <value>
  "pid" : <number>,
  "buildinfo" : {
        "version" : "<string>",
        "gitVersion" : "<string>",
        "sysInfo" : "<string>",
        "loaderFlags" : "<string>",
        "compilerFlags" : "<string>",
        "allocator" : "<string>",
        "versionArray" : [ <num>, <num>, <...> ],
        "javascriptEngine" : "<string>",
        "bits" : <number>,
        "debug" : <boolean>,
        "maxBsonObjectSize" : <number>

Documents in the startup_log collection contain the following fields:


Includes the system hostname and a millisecond epoch value.


The system's hostname.


A UTC ISODate value that reflects when the server started.


A string that reports the startTime in the system's local time zone.


An embedded document that reports the mongod runtime options and their values.

The process identifier for this process.


An embedded document that reports information about the build environment and settings used to compile this mongod. This is the same output as buildInfo. See buildInfo.

Collections on Replica Set Members


local.system.replset holds the replica set's configuration object as its single document. To view the object's configuration information, issue rs.conf() from the mongo shell. You can also query this collection directly. is the capped collection that holds the oplog. You set its size at creation using the oplogSizeMB setting. To resize the oplog after replica set initiation, use the Change the Size of the Oplog procedure. For additional information, see the Oplog Size section.


Starting in MongoDB 4.0, the oplog can grow past its configured size limit to avoid deleting the majority commit point.


This contains an object used internally by replica sets to track replication status.